Zones, Zones, and Even More Zones
January 20, 2023
On January 20, 2023 the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing made a zoning order (Ontario Regulation 4/23). This regulation is made under the Planning Act.
The new order (Regulation 4/23) applies to lands in the City of Niagara Falls in the Regional Municipality of Niagara, in the Province of Ontario, being the lands outlined in red on the map numbered 312 and filed at the Toronto office of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing located at 777 Bay Street. The zoning order specifies a number of different zone: Agri-Tourism Zone 1, Agri-Tourism Zone 2, and an Environmental Protection Area Zone.
A Zoning By-law is the primary tool that the City uses to regulate land use. The Zoning By-law establishes different categories of land use (zones), each having its own set of permitted uses and the regulations that apply to the zone (setbacks from property lines, maximum area of a property that can be built on, amount of required parking, etc.). There are two parts to a Zoning By-law. The first part is the mapping (schedules) that show where the various zones apply in the City. The second part is the text that contains all the various regulations.
The City of Niagara Falls has four Zoning By-laws that apply to various areas of the City. Chippawa and the lands north of the Welland River are regulated by Zoning By-law No. 79-200. The portion of the City previously part of Willoughby Township is regulated by Zoning By-law No. 395 (1966). The former area of Crowland Township is regulated by Zoning By-law No. 1538 (1958) and the Humberstone area is regulated by Zoning By-law No. 70-69.
Zoning By-law No. 79-200 by itself has 31+ categories (not including subcategories): residential density zone, residential mobile home park zone, residential two zone, residential mixed zone, residential low density (group multiple dwelling zone), residential apartment density zone, transition residential multiple zone, neighbourhood commercial zone, general commercial zone, deferred commercial zone, planned shopping centre commercial zone, central business commercial zone, tourist commercial zone, camping establishment zone, deferred tourist commercial zone, automobile service station and gasoline bar, institutional zone, prestige industrial zone, light industrial zone, general industrial zone, heavy industrial zone, transportation (distribution industrial zone), extractive industrial zone, agricultural zone, rural zone, open space zone, developing holding zone, hazard land zone, parking zone, parking holding zone, environmental protection area zone.
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